Pyramids Of Egypt Location

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Pyramids Of Egypt Location

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Pyramids Of Egypt Location Video

The Great Pyramid Mystery Has Been Solved Pyramids Of Egypt Location

The amazement factor comes from the question that everyone who visits Egypt asks, how the three kings, Khafre, Khufu, and Menkaure, managed to build such huge structures?

Egypt pyramids facts are plenty and one amazing fact is that Khufu pyramid is considered as one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and is known as the Great Pyramid of Giza.

Khafre, the son of Khufu, and king Menkaure, also known for their impressive pyramids in Giza, but none of the two pyramids are as huge as the great pyramid of King Khufu.

The Great Pyramid was constructed during BC and it is feet tall, and now it reached feet because of the removal of its remarkable capstone.

It consumed so many resources to build a pyramid, and also a lot of effort to get the right and qualified labor force for the construction process.

The huge size and quality of structure of the construction of pyramids at different periods during that time of Ancient Egyptian history shows that there were more advanced building resources available during the 4th dynasty than at any other time.

Khafre pyramid is considered as the second largest pyramid in Giza. The king was also known by the name Chephren, which was a Greek name.

The statue of the Great Sphinx is also one of the most famous structures of the ancient Egyptian history. It was built for the purpose of protecting the burial site of the kings in Giza.

During excavation, a large statue of the king was found next to the Great Sphinx statue. Pyramid of Menkaure is the third pyramid and the smallest one among the great pyramids of Giza.

It belongs to King Menkaure Mycerinus in Greek. Archaeologists believe that it has been finished at the end of the 26th century BC.

King Menkaure, just like the other kings who own pyramids at Giza, ruled Egypt during the 4th Dynasty at the time of the Old Kingdom Period of Ancient Egyptian history.

Some archeological evidence suggests that Menkaure is the successor of King Khafre, the owner of the second pyramid and the statue of the Great Sphinx, but some historical accounts denied that fact.

Just like the other pyramids in Giza, the lower section of the pyramid of Menkaure was encased in pink granite and the top parts of it in white Tura limestone.

The first representation of a king in the form of the statue of the great sphinx was in the Middle of the 4th dynasty.

King Djetef Ra was the first king to have a Sphinx statue, as he was the successor of King Cheops, and that was considered as the first royal representation of its kind in the form of a Sphinx.

The statue was discovered nearby the pyramid at Abu-Rawash in Giza and it is now displayed in Louvre Museum. The word "Sphinx" is originally a Greek word of the Ancient Egyptian name "Ssp Ankh" which means the living image or representation of something.

The Sphinx statue mainly represents the king and his living image and it also represents the combination between the mental power and the Physical power.

The mental power of the king is represented in the human head of the statue, while the physical power is represented in the body of a lion.

Egyptology scientists believe that if the sphinx was a representation of an ancient Egyptian God, so it is said that they managed to tame the wild nature of the lion with the human intelligence and turning it into a divine peaceful character.

The village of Dahshur is located about 40 kilometers southwest of Cairo and famous for its impressive ancient structures. Excavation missions at Dahshur site have revealed the remains of total of seven pyramids till now, in addition to extensive tomb complexes that were built for queens and nobles from Memphis city up until the 13th Dynasty during the time of the Middle Kingdom.

The Red Pyramid is another fancy example of a great construction project during the 4th Dynasty as it was built for the pharaoh Sneferu.

Another example is the Bent Pyramid which is located at the same site, nearby the Necropolis at Dahshur city, Sneferu decided to correct the flaws that were made during the construction of the bent pyramid and the one at Meidum that went down during its construction.

The Red Pyramid got finished at the beginning of the 26th century BC, it was considered as the first successful attempt to build a complete pyramid, which made it the most inspirational type of construction for the later 4th Dynasty pyramids of Giza.

The Bent Pyramid was the first to be built by King Sneferu, it got that name as it was unfinished and it had to get reconstructed, but the King decided to leave it like that.

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And incidentally, on the left bank, the west, because it represented the side of death it is on this side that the Sun sets , unlike the East side, that of the living where the Sun is survey.

But these spiritual considerations have nothing to do with architecture These materials did not serve the same purpose, of course.

If limestone is the one that has been most widely used, especially to make the massive pyramids oldest, the raw brick replaced it during the Middle Kingdom, a few centuries later.

It must be said that these late pyramids were much smaller, so they could bear the load of the massif without collapsing, which could not have been done for the monumental pyramids whose weight would have crushed the bricks, causing the building to collapse on himself.

And since a pyramid is only one element of a more complete funerary complex, the ancient Egyptians used other materials to build the ancillary buildings.

Wood was used in some cases for these ancillary buildings, for example. Learn more about the building materials of the pyramids. The transport of stones is essentially only for distant quarries.

Roughly speaking, all the pyramid sites are in the northern part of the country, just before the Nile delta.

However, the basic limestone was extracted directly from the site or nearby. The question of transport is therefore no more than that of raising stones.

On the other hand, for the stones of Tourah, it was necessary to move them from the quarry to the building sites.

If the distance was not so high - only a few dozen kilometers, at most - a means of transport was necessary. A priori, for Tourah, it is the land transport was chosen, because to pass by the river would not have been of a great help, considering the geographical position of the pyramids compared to the quarry.

On the other hand, it is the river transport that was used for all the stones coming from the distant quarries, like the granite of Aswan.

They were landed from a special port, usually the lower temple of the pyramid, before going up the pavement to the site of the high temple and the pyramid.

The question then arises, how were blocks loaded onto the boats? Indeed, they are so heavy that it is unthinkable that they could be raised up to the deck of ships.

In fact, the answer is as simple as it is beautiful. The Egyptians had invented special boats, broad and with low edges.

During the summer they dug pits on the banks and installed these boats whose edges reached the ground level.

Then they just pulled the blocks over and waited for the flood of the Nile, which floated the ships. There was then only to haul them to the destination, which must have been a particularly painful job Sometimes, when conditions allowed, the boats were pulled by other boats with a other traction system, for example by wind.

To get from Aswan, where the granite quarries were, to Memphis it took hardly a week of navigation, when the Nile was in flood.

It was then a period of intense navigation, with all the boats making the most of round-trip during this rather short period. It should be known that for land transport, the ancient Egyptians did not use the wheel.

They used large wooden sledges that they slid on the ground or, most often, on logs. They were drawn by groups of unskilled employees whose only job was this forced labor.

The number of people depended on the load to be fired. To get an idea, a fresco of the middle empire shows us 4 rows of 43 men, a total of , to draw a statue that is estimated at 60 tons.

The heavy blocks of stone that constitute the pyramids of the 4th and 5th dynasty come from quarries of limestone near the sites.

The pyramids of the VIth Dynasty were rather in raw bricks covered with fine limestone blocks of the quarries of Tourah.

These blocks had various sizes of course, depending on their future locations. There was no rule that they were pruned before or after the transport: In fact, it depended on the yards and their organizations.

Some sites required that the blocks arrive already trimmed, or at the limit just roughly cut, but others required that the size is made on the spot.

Anyway, often the quarry was close to the site, which solved the problem This was the case on the site of the pyramid of Khufu for example, the quarry is still perfectly visible on the spot, in the immediate vicinity of funeral complex.

From a general point of view, the west bank of the Nile, from Memphis to Thebes, is almost all limestone cliffs to extract the building blocks.

The size of the blocks could be precise, very precise even, but again all the pyramids did not reach the same degree of perfection.

On the pyramid of Menkaoure there could be adjustments to within a few centimeters, while some layers of the pyramid of Khufu were adjusted to the minimum!

This state of affairs is surprising when we know the instruments used. The tools are particularly rudimentary, they come straight from the Neolithic.

They are hard stone instruments used to work granite and limestone. We used:. For the measurements, the adjustments, the work of precision, one used levels, rules and squares as well as ropes, to measure the great distances.

The Egyptians of the old empire knew only one metal: Copper. They had very few metal tools, mainly scissors, to cut the surface of the stones with precision, the saw without tooth and the drill.

The toothless saw is a kind of metal blade that was used with an abrasive, to use the stone little by little.

We imagine that each site was managed in a relatively similar way, from one site to another. Only the passing of time and the means of Pharaoh could change the organization.

The sites were organized around a hierarchical structure almost military. The pharaoh, the main interested, gave his orders to senior officials who transmitted them to the architects in charge of the site.

They passed them on to the site managers and then to the foremen who did the work. Of course, each hierarchical level could take its own initiatives, in view of its possibilities.

The workers, at the bottom end of the scale, accounted for a quarter of the skilled craftsmen and for three-quarters of the local peasants who were employed when the Nile floods prevented work in the fields.

The craftsmen had the tasks requiring some know-how, such as the size of the stone blocks, the leveling of the ground or the construction of construction equipment.

Unskilled workers were used to forcing tasks, handling blocks and pulling them to their places. All the workers were organized in teams of 2, people for a total of 20, employees on the site of the pyramid of Khufu.

This figure is of course an estimate, but it is considered acceptable given the duration of the work and the work to be done.

Teams of 2, employees were divided into two groups of 1,, each group divided into phylons of , each grouped in groups of These twenty employees were the base unit of the site group.

In practice, how could architects mount such a high pyramid with very small means compared to today? This question is central when we speak of the pyramid of Khufu, but also of the other pyramids of Egypt.

So let's say it immediately: We do not know how the ancient Egyptians built the pyramid of Khufu. One can only assume, and make assumptions.

Three stand out from the crowd: The technique of external ramps, that of the internal ramp, and that of silting. It consists in believing that the ancient Egyptians climbed the stones on the superstructure floor by floor following a gently sloping ramp.

Archeology has shown us that these types of ramps were indeed used, especially on the pyramid of Sesostris I at the necropolis of Litch.

In wood or raw stone, this ramp could have been built in different ways:. The frontal ramp is built on only one side of the pyramid.

Of restricted width as the pyramid rises, it is also more and more steep, which complicates the task of the workers going up the blocks.

The principle of the enveloping ramp is simple, it consists of having only one ramp that rotates at right angles to each stop of the pyramid.

The higher you go, the longer the pyramid. Such a ramp is complex to implement, but it has the advantage of having a regular slope.

On the other hand, it imposes the transport of loads over long distances. The side ramps are a succession of small ramps along the 4 sides of the pyramid to build.

This type of ramp is easy to build and maintain. Other types of ramps have been proposed, but it is a mixture of these three possibilities: The Egyptians of the time could have built the pyramids with two frontal ramps, one in use while the other is raised, the time that the workers finish the level and they can continue with the 2nd ramp, the first being at that moment also raised.

Another attempt at explanation consists of a frontal ramp rising to a third of the height before continuing in the form of a helical ramp.

The method of the internal ramp is very original, it is recent. It is supported by the French archaeologist Jean-Pierre Houdin and consists of moving the blocks up an internal gallery.

The latter would run behind each face a few meters, and climb gently to the floor under construction. If this hypothesis seems at first far-fetched, it is not only very serious but partly verified by the internal temperature records of the pyramid.

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